Students in a village school view a film-strip
presentation on a sunlight-powered
slide projector.

Location unknown, late 1950s

The International Cooperation Administration (ICA) funded a number of projects aimed at creating new educational tools for remote areas of Afghanistan without electricity. This ingenious projector was built by Roxor Short and James A. Cudney using a one-gallon oil can, a mirror, two eyeglass lenses, a cardboard box,
a condenser, a piece of acetate — and sunshine. Total cost: $5.00.

Courtesy of the National Archives Still Picture Unit. 306-PSB-S-59-15297-A.
Photograph by James A. Cudney.


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